From 1993 to 1998, she received higher education in dentistry at the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv and specialized from 2004 to 2008 in Sofia Periodontology and Oral Pathology. She is certified for use in dental diagnostic imaging. Managing director of the dental clinic “Taradent” and works as a periodontist. Member of the WBC and the Association of Dentists in Iran and Canada. Regularly and actively participates in international conferences and workshops related to dentistry.
Periodontitis (a disease called periodontal disease in the past) is widespread. The disease occurs almost asymptomatic, as the earliest symptom is bleeding gums. In advanced stages may be burning, and itching of them, and also the sensitivity in the presence of, teeth of the thermal stimuli. It is therefore important to use modern methods of treatment and prevention of periodontitis, which can successfully treat it in its early stages, to suspend severe leakage and to avoid any possible complications.
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontal complex of tissues, through which the tooth is attached to the bone. Gums covering the bone and joined to the surface of the tooth. Between the gum and the teeth has a small groove / sulcus / depth of only 0, 5 to 1, 5 mm. The gaps of teeth are also compacted with a wreath, so-called interdental papillae. Furrow gum is a natural barrier against infection.
Why gingivitis and periodontitis does appears?
After each meal in region of the teeth and between the teeth remains a small amount of food debris, forming a soft plaque, which is difficult to be noticed. But it immediately identify different microorganisms and their metabolic products lead to gum inflammation and destruction of periodontal tissues. With gradual build-up, the plate becomes more rigid and turns into tartar. Plate changes the natural color of your teeth, making them darker. Hard dental deposits impede personal hygiene. Soft plaque accumulates on the surface of dental calculus and thus inflammation of the gum is increased by targeting an increasing number of tissues. The accumulation of plaque at the gingival sulcus lead to gingivitis – gingivitis, to the destruction of the furrow to bone loss and the development of periodontitis.
What to do when sick gums?
If you have bleeding gums, breath odor or other signs of illness, you should contact the periodontist. Periodontology conducts diagnosis and treatment of periodontitis, and also the prevention of the disease.
How often should I remove plaque from healthy gums?
Remove tartar and plaque should be done once every 6 months, thus hindering the development of periodontitis. Plaque removal is called professional oral hygiene. It is usually performed by a hygienist, specialist who performs the prevention of periodontitis and your chosen means of hygiene, and teaches you how to properly use them.
What are the signs of gingivitis?
When gingivitis gums change color, swell and bleed periodically appears bad breath, gum discomfort, such as itching, burning and even pain.
As a result of the impact of the micro flora of the plate gradually destroys tendon that connects the gum and the tooth, and subsequent inflammation may spread in depth and destroy bone. This disease in which inflamed not only the crown of the tooth and tendon, but also the bone surrounding the tooth is called periodontitis
What are the signs indicating the development of periodontitis?
– Bleeding gums;
– Forming a space between the roots of the teeth and gums, as a result of bone resorption;
– Bad breath, itching, burning gums;
– Uncovering the root of the tooth;
– Mobility of teeth and change their disposition;
– During exacerbation is possible pain, swelling of the cheeks and drain pus gums;
– Pain in tooth contact with cold, hot, sour, sweet, and when you brush your teeth (a condition called hypersensitivity).
Diagnosis of periodontitis
To diagnose it is necessary to conduct a detailed survey. Diagnosis involves measuring the depth of the pocket, estimate the quantity of lost bone, tooth mobility. The survey is conducted by a computer program. Panoramic image is made for an overall assessment of the condition of the teeth and bones. In more detail, the condition of the bone around the teeth can be seen on radiographs targeted. It is possible to analyze the state be required models of your teeth, make photos, and laboratory tests to determine the contents of his pockets and sensitivity to antibiotics. Periodontitis is a disease that can cause damage to distant organs (brain, eyes, heart, liver, joints). Once the diagnosis is a periodontist prepare a treatment plan. People with severe systemic diseases – diabetes, valve replacement with artificial joints, etc. With require perfect oral hygiene and healthy periodontium.